Successful treatment of drug use is affected by several factors, such as the type of substance (cannabis, Xenical tablets, opium and etc.), the method of drug use (oral, smoking, injection), the history and duration of drug intake, the motivation of the person taking the medicine, the specific personality traits of the consumer, skills and experience of the therapist, individual benefit from family and social support. However, drug abuse treatment methods include drug therapies and non-medical treatments (psychological / counseling). The purpose of drug therapy is to eliminate physical dependence on drug use. The goal of non-pharmacological treatment is to eliminate psychological dependence on drug use. We must know that some materials have stronger physical dependence and other mental affiliation. The important point is that any kind of dependency on the person who consumes substances is a form of compulsion for substance use. Unfortunately, in many cases it is believed that the elimination of physical dependence (detoxification) is the same with the treatment of addiction, while if psychiatric dependence remains untreated, the probability of recurrence of substance abuse is very high. At the same time, it should be noted that in many cases, the person who consumes the substance has one of the types of mental disorders (mood disorders such as depression, anxiety disorders, adaptive disorders, etc.), and the treatment process will be successful when the mental disorder (Along with addiction) is considered and treated. We must know that the most suitable people for drug treatment are psychiatrists (psychiatrists) or general practitioners. Of course, it is essential for general practitioners to take courses in “drug addiction”. The most suitable individuals for psychological treatment and counseling are addicts, clinical psychologists and counselors with experience in the field.
First stage of treatment, detoxification and stabilization
Detoxification is a process in which patients are assisted with medical care and medication to at least minimize physical and mental problems when they leave the material and to achieve a better function. Detoxification alone does not cause long-term improvement, but should be considered as a stage of patient’s preparation for continued treatment, maintaining the status of cleaning from substances and encouraging rehabilitation. Detoxification is done in a variety of ways. The most important of these methods are:
- Using clonidine tablets along with drugs like Oxazepam or Clonazepam
- Use of oral Methadone.
- Use of Buprenorphine.
- Use of Naltrexone and Naloxone.
- Super-fast detoxification using complete anesthetic.
It should be kept in mind that the most appropriate treatment method, taking into account the least adverse side effects and the highest probability of success for each patient, depends on the patient’s specific conditions and the diagnosis of the physician. Acupuncture therapies are the only alternative treatment that has been shown to be scientifically effective.
Success factors for detoxification and stabilization
The main goal at this stage is to take unsafe signs and symptoms of withdrawal, to achieve complete avoidance and motivating the patient to continue treatment and to enter the prevention and to relapse prevention stage.